Cranes are built to the highest safety standards and should be perfectly safe if used correctly. However, you will always have the responsibility to ensure the safety of yourself and your workforce. Here are some things to check before using a crane on your site.
Firstly, make sure that the crane is set up on a stable surface. This should be inspected thoroughly before use. It is important that the crane does not move unpredictably or unexpectedly during its operation, particularly if it is already carrying a load. The surface should be level and smooth, without any potholes or dips in the ground. Make sure that there are no obstacles or other vehicles on the ground that could cause a collision. It should also be strong enough to support the weight of the crane as well as any load it will be carrying. If the ground beneath the crane gives way, it could cause a serious accident.
Next, make sure that the crane is never overloaded. The crane should come with an easily accessible load chart that will show the maximum weights that it can carry under particular conditions. Never attempt to lift a heavier load, and don't forget to take the weight of the hook and attachments into account. Make sure the hoist rope is directly above the load so that it will be lifted vertically upwards, and try to stop the load from swinging as it is being lifted. A crane with a load that is too heavy or out of control could overbalance.
Thirdly, be wary of extreme weather conditions when using the crane. If there is a chance of lightning you should not operate the crane but should keep away from it and not return until the lightning has passed. You should also check that the wind speed is not too high for the crane, as well as remember that it will be stronger at the cabin's height than on the ground. The manufacturer will provide details of the maximum wind speed that the crane can safely withstand. Heavy rain should also be avoided, as the water could enter various parts of the crane's workings and cause a malfunction. In this case, move the crane somewhere sheltered and do not use it until the storm has passed.
Cranes are an important part of any construction site. Take proper precautions and you will be able to operate your crane safely and effectively.